In this tutorial, we will show you how to use the
rmdir commands to remove files and directories in Linux.
How to Remove Files
To remove (or delete) a file in Linux from the command line, use either the
rm (remove) or
unlink command allows you to remove only a single file, while with
rm you can remove multiple files at once.
Be extra careful when removing files or directories, because once the file is deleted, it cannot be easily recovered.
If the file is write-protected, you will be prompted for confirmation, as shown below. To remove the file type
y and hit
Enter. Otherwise, if the file is not write-protected, it will be deleted without prompting.
rm: remove write-protected regular empty file 'filename'?
To delete multiple files at once, use the
rm command followed by the file names separated by space.
rm filename1 filename2 filename3
You can also use a wildcard (
*) and regular expansions to match multiple files. For example, to remove all
When using regular expansions, first list the files with the
ls command so that you can see what files will be deleted before running the
rm with the
-i option to confirm each file before deleting it:
rm -i filename(s)
To remove files without prompting even if the files are write-protected pass the
-f (force) option to the
rm -f filename(s)
You can also combine
rm options. For example, to remove all
.txt files in the current directory without a prompt in verbose mode, use the following command:
rm -fv *.txt
How to Remove Directories (Folders)
In Linux, you can remove/delete directories with the
rmdir is a command-line utility for deleting empty directories while with
rm you can remove directories and their contents recursively.
To remove an empty directory, use either
rm -d followed by the directory name:
rm -d dirname
To remove non-empty directories and all the files within them, use the
rm command with the
-r (recursive) option:
rm -r dirname
If a directory or a file within the directory is write-protected, you will be prompted to confirm the deletion.
To remove non-empty directories and all the files without being prompted, use
rm with the
-r (recursive) and
rm -rf dirname
To remove multiple directories at once, use the
rm -r command followed by the directory names separated by space.
rm -r dirname1 dirname2 dirname3
Same as with files you can also use a wildcard (
*) and regular expansions to match multiple directories.
By now you should have a good understanding of how to use the Linux
unlink commands and you should be able to safely remove files and directories from the command line.