Tor Browser routes your web traffic through the Tor network, making  it private and anonymous. When you use the Tor Browser, the connection  to the website you are viewing is encrypted and protected from network  surveillance and traffic analysis.

In this tutorial, we’ll explain how to install Tor web browser on Ubuntu 18.04. The same instructions apply for Ubuntu 16.04 and any  other Ubuntu-based distribution, including Kubuntu, Linux Mint and  Elementary OS.

Installing Tor Browser on Ubuntu

Installing the Tor Browser on Ubuntu Linux is a relatively straightforward process and will only take a few minutes.

Execute the following commands as a user with sudo permissions:

Start by installing the apt-transport-https package that is necessary to access a repository over HTTPS and enabling the Universe repository:

sudo apt update
sudo add-apt-repository universe

Import the Tor Apt repository GPG key to your system using the following wget command:

wget -q -O - https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org/A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89.asc | sudo apt-key add -

The command above should output OK, which means that the key has been successfully imported and packages from this repository will be considered trusted.

Enable the Tor repository:

echo "deb https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org $(lsb_release -cs) main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list

$(lsb_release -cs) will print the Ubuntu codename. If you have Ubuntu version 18.04 the command will print bionic.

Once the repository is enabled, update the apt package list and install the latest version of the Tor Browser by typing:

sudo apt update

That’s it. Tor Browser has been installed on your Ubuntu desktop.

Using Tor Browser

Using  Tor Browser comes with few drawbacks. Browsing the web over Tor is  slower than a regular Internet connection, and some major web sites  block Tor users. Also, in some countries, Tor is illegal or blocked by  the government-enforced firewall.

You can start the Tor browser either from the command line by typing torbrowser-launcher or by clicking on the Tor Browser icon (Activities -> Tor Browser).

When you launch the Tor Browser for the first time, it will download all the dependencies.

Next, you will be presented with the Tor Network Settings window.

Most users only need to click on  the “Connect” button without any further configuration. Users from  countries censoring Tor or using proxy can find information about how to  configure the network here.

Once you click on the “Connect” button, the browser will establish a connection to the Tor network and launch.

By default, Tor Browser comes  bundled with several security extensions such as HTTPS Everywhere and  NoScript, and does not keep any browsing history.

It is highly recommended not to install additional add-ons or plugins as it may bypass Tor or compromise your privacy.

Updating Tor Browser

When  a new version is released you can update the Tor Browser package  through your desktop standard Software Update tool or by running the  following commands in your terminal:

sudo apt update

Uninstalling Tor Browser

If you want to uninstall the Tor Browser, remove the installed package with the following command:

sudo  --auto-remove tor deb.torproject.org-keyring

Conclusion

We’ve  shown you how to install Tor Browser on your Ubuntu 18.04 desktop. You  can now browse the web securely and privately, and access sites your  local internet service provider may have blocked.

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