Go, often referred to as golang is a modern open-source programming  language created by Google. Many popular applications, including  Kubernetes, Docker, Hugo, and Caddy are written in Go.

In this tutorial, we will show you how to download and install Go on a CentOS 7 system.

Prerequisites

Before continuing with this tutorial, make sure you are logged in as a user with sudo privileges.

How to Install Go

At  the time of writing this article, the latest stable version of Go is  version 1.13. Before downloading the tarball, visit the official Go downloads page and check if there is a new version available.

Follow the steps below to install Go on CentOS 7:

Download the tarball.

To download the Go binary use either wget or curl:

wget https://dl.google.com/go/go1.13.linux-amd64.tar.gz

Verify the tarball.

Once the download is completed verify the tarball checksum with the sha256sum command:

sha256sum go1.13.linux-amd64.tar.gz
68a2297eb099d1a76097905a2ce334e3155004ec08cdea85f24527be3c48e856  go1.13.linux-amd64.tar.gz

Make sure the hash printed from the command above matches the one from the downloads page.

Extract the tarball.

Use the tar command to extract the tarball to the /usr/local directory:

sudo tar -C /usr/local -xzf go1.13.linux-amd64.tar.gz

Adjust the Path Variable.

Now we need to tell our system where to find the Go executable binaries by adjusting the $PATH environment variable.

We can do this by appending the following line to the /etc/profile file (for a system-wide installation) or to the $HOME/.bash_profile file (for a current user installation):~/.bash_profile

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/go/bin

Copy

Save the file, and load the new PATH environment variable into the current shell session with the following command:

source ~/.bash_profile

Test the Installation

To test whether Go is installed correctly, we will set up a workspace and build a simple “Hello world” program.

Create the workspace directory

By default the workspace directory is set to $HOME/go, to create it type:

mkdir ~/go

Create a simple “Hello World” Go file.

Inside the workspace create a new directory src/hello

mkdir -p ~/go/src/hello

and in that directory create a file named hello.go~/go/src/hello/hello.go

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
    fmt.Printf("Hello, World\n")
}

Copy

You can learn more about Go workspace directory hierarchy here

Build the hello.go file:

To build the file, switch to the ~/go/src/hello directory and run go build:

cd ~/go/src/hello

The command above will build an executable named hello.

Run the executable:

Run the executable by typing:

./hello
Hello, World

If you see the output above, then you have successfully installed Go.

Conclusion

Now that you have downloaded and installed Go on your CentOS system, you can start developing your Go projects.

If you hit a problem or have feedback, leave a comment below.